The State and Politics

Armenia has been a parliamentary republic since 2017. Through a referendum in 2015 the semi-presidential ruling system was transposed into a parliamentary system. The president has the highest office, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Armenia is a member of numerous international organisations such as UN, WTO, CIS -the Commonwealth of Independent States (post-Soviet republics), OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe) and the Council of Europe. Armenian politics is strongly influenced by historical tensions with neighbouring Turkey and Azerbaijan. The borders with both countries have been closed for many years. By contrast, Armenia maintains a good relationship with its neighbours Georgia and Iran. Armenia continues to seek international recognition of the massacre, which took place in 1915 under the Osman Empire, as genocide. The unresolved conflict with Azerbaijan regarding the Nagorno-Karabakh region determines foreign policy. Relationships with Moscow are close. Politically, economically and militarily the country has close ties with Russia